MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES

MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES

 

MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES

 

According to Howard Gardner, intelligence is:

 “A biopsychological potential to process information that can be activated in a cultural framework to solve problems or to create products that have value for a culture.”

 

Intelligence is not something that you can see or touch; rather, it is activated as a function of the values of a given culture, of the available opportunities of this culture, and of the decisions taken for each individual and their family, their teachers, and others.

 

To be triumphant in distinct fields of life requires intelligence, but in each field a distinct type of intelligence, neither better or worse, is used.

 

Intelligence is a capacity and therefore a skill that can be developed. It is not something immovable and unteachable, although there is no denying its genetic component.

 

Gardner has identified eight types of intelligence according to problems the human species must solve:

 

   Linguistic Intelligence: Assumes a special sensibility for spoken and written language and the ability to learn languages. Those who have it include writers, poets, speakers…

 

   Logical-Mathematic Intelligence: Serves to analyze problems in a logical way. Corresponds with the logical hemisphere and the growing uniqueness of intelligence. Those who possess this include scientists and mathematicians.

 

   Musical Intelligence: Refers to the capacity to interpret, compose, and appreciate musical guidelines. Those who possess this include musicians, composers, singers, etc.

 

   Bodily Intelligence: That of those who use their own body during activities or to solve problems: ballerinas, actors, and athletes.

 

   Spatial Intelligence: The capacity to manipulate objects in large spaces (sailors and pilots) or small spaces (sculptures, surgeons, architects).

 

   Environment Intelligence: What we use when we observe or study the environment. Biologists possess this.

 

   Intrapersonal Intelligence: What allows us to get to know ourselves and to employ this knowledge to regulate our lives.

 

   Interpersonal Intelligence: What allows us to understand others and to relate ourselves to them.

 

The emotional life is an ingredient for Intrapersonal Intelligence that plays an essential role in the application of this intelligence into the decisions that a person makes for the large part of their life. The Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Intelligences conform to the Emotional Intelligence and together they determine our capacity to direct our own life in a satisfactory way.

 

The Emotional Intelligence is a set of skills, attitudes, abilities and competencies that determine the conduct of an individual, their reactions, mental states, etc., and can be defined, according to Goleman, as the capacity to get to know one’s own emotions and those of others, to motivate one’s self and to adequately manage one’s relationships.

 

The development of emotional competency can begin at a very young age, as it will help us in all aspects of our lives and will allow us to become more happy, balanced, and successful people.

 

All of these intelligences are important and we all possess more or less of the eight types of intelligences. With this affirmation we highlight the existence of different individuals in the profile of these intelligences; there are no two people who have the exact same combination of intelligences and there is no telling which will be used in a constructive or destructive way.

 

This multidimensional vision offers us a much more rich image of the capacity and the potential for success of a person.

 

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